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Montessori Sandpaper Globe of the Continents

Montessori Sandpaper Globe of the Continents


Geography is an exciting and fun part of the Montessori classroom.  When children start exploring the Cultural area of the Montessori classroom, their work includes the recognition of features of our planet, such as land versus water.  The children advance their Cultural study by learning about individual continents, countries and specific topographical language.


To prepare our children for all geography work, we begin by introducing two globes:


The Sandpaper Globe and the Colored Globe.

Why do we start by introducing the Sandpaper Globe before we introduce the Colored Globe?  It is because we first need children to understand the concept of the globe representing land and water before we go into details about the specific continents represented on the globes.

The Sandpaper Globe:
We may introduce the Sandpaper Globe by saying something like this, “This is our world. Our world is made of land and water.”


We need to keep in mind that exploring the earth as a globe may be a difficult concept for children to grasp at first, but this globe lays a great foundation for exploration!

The land areas are represented in tan sandpaper, and the water as a smooth, painted blue surface.  The land and water portions are very easy to distinguish, both tactilely and visually. 


When we touch the tan sandpaper portion, we may say, “This is land.”  We will invite each child to take a turn to feel the land.  Once we have explored various different land portions on the globe, we will do the same for the water portions.


To help with vocabulary retention for land and water, we can utilize the Three-period lesson to help the children easily identify and name land and water. This way, the child will also become comfortable with the bird’s eye view of land and water distribution over the planet!